In this post we will look at Romans 4:13-5:1 which is the application of the theology that Paul presents in Romans 3:20-31, which could be summarized with the statement, “By works of the law no human being will be justified in his sight since through the law come knowledge of sin, but the righteousness of God is manifest through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe.”….
It is imperative that we also understand that Romans 4:13-5:1 is an extended discussion of the supremacy of the promise (our justification) to the law and how if one makes observance of the law (works) the means of securing righteousness, then the promise is void, grace is undone, and the gospel loses its power.
Here is the entire passage:
13 For the promise to Abraham and his seed that he should be heir of the world was not through the law, but through a righteousness of faith. 14 For if it is those of the law who are to be the heirs, faith has been made void and the promise has been nullified. 15 For the law works wrath, but where there is not a law, neither is there transgression. 16 It is therefore of faith, that according to grace it may be a sure promise to all the seed, not to the seed of the law only, but also to the seed of the faith of Abraham who is father of us all. 17 As it has been written–A father of many nations I have appointed you– before whom he believed God the one making alive the dead and calling the things not existing into existence. 18 Who beyond hope on hope believed that he should become a father of many nations according to the thing having been spoken, “So will be your seed.” 19 And not having weakened in faith, he considered his own body already dead being about one hundred years old and the deadness of the womb of Sarah. 20 But at the promise of God he did not waver in unbelief, but was empowered by faith, giving glory to God 21 and having been fully persuaded that what he has promised he is able also to do, 22 wherefore it was also accounted to him for righteousness. 23 Now it was not written, “It was accounted to him” because of him only, 24 but also because of us. It will be accounted to the ones believing on the one having raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25 who was given over to death for our trespasses and was raised for our justification. 1 Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Romans 4:13-5:1 (translated from the NA28 Greek text)